PODS™ Human EGF crystals provide a depot of proteins which are steadily secreted. It has been estimated that the biological activity of 50 million PODS™ crystals generates the same peak dose as 3.3 µg of standard recombinant protein. However, at 5 days following the start of seeding the PODS™ crystals, there are more than 50% of these peak levels still present in the culture system. Ultimately, the amount of PODS™ crystals that is optimal for a particular experiment should be determined empirically, using 50 million PODS™ crystals equivalence to 3.3 µg of standard growth factor is a good starting point. To control for cross-reactivity with cells or as a negative control, we recommend using PODS™ growth factors alongside PODS™ Empty crystals, as the latter do not contain or release cargo protein.
- Applications:cell culture growth factors
- Applications:PODS™ protein crystals may be reconstituted at 200 million PODS™/ml in water. 20% glucose has a buoyant density closer to PODS™ protein crystals and can be useful for aliquoting. PODS™ protein crystals are highly stable when stored in aqueous solution (pH
Peptides & proteins
Epidermal Growth Factor, pro-epidermal growth factor, urogastrone, URG, beta-urogastrone, HOMG4
1) Coulibaly, F. et al. The molecular organization of cypovirus polyhedra. (2007) Nature. 446: 97-101.; 2) Rey FA. Virology: Holed up in a natural crystal. (2007) Nature. 446: 35-37.; 3) Ijiri H, et al. Structure-based targeting of bioactive proteins into cypovirus polyhedra and application to immobilized cytokines for mammalian cell culture. (2009) Biomaterials. 30(26): 4297-308.; 4) Mori H. Immobilization of Bioactive Growth Factors into Cubic Proteinous Microcrystals (Cypovirus Polyhedra) and Control of Cell Proliferation and Differentiation. (2010) NSTI-Nanotech. 3: 222-225.; 5) Abe, S. et al. Design of Enzyme-Encapsulated Protein Containers by In-Vivo Crystal Engineering. (2015) Advanced Materials. 27(48): 7951-7956.
Upon receipt, store at 4°C. PO
SOURCE: Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf9) cell culture; LENGTH: 98 aa; STRUCTURE: Monomer; FORMAT: lyophilized; ENDOTOXIN LEVEL: <0.06 EU/ml as measured by gel clot LAL assay; BACKGROUND: Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF) is a growth factor that stimulates the proliferation, differentiation, and survival of epithelial and epidermal cells. EGF contains three intramolecular disulfide bonds and binds in high affinity to the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). EGF is overexpressed in multiple tumor cell lines and promotes resistance to chemotherapy and radiation treatments.